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 Linux Fedora 9 ( How to install..)

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conrad

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Age : 41
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Registration date : 2008-09-27

PostSubject: Linux Fedora 9 ( How to install..)   Sun Sep 28, 2008 1:20 pm

1 Install Media


The install media is available at http://fedoraproject.org/en/get-fedora. I used the DVD version.


2 Installation


Hit "Enter" to start the installation.

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Here you can test your install media if you want.

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The installation wizard is starting.

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Select your language and proceed.

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Choose your keyboard layout and proceed.

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Here you can adjust the network settings.

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sr_adspace_id = 4098007;
sr_adspace_width = 300;
sr_adspace_height = 250;
sr_adspace_type = "graphic";
sr_ad_new_window = true;






window.google_render_ad();







Select your time zone and configure the clock. Unmark the checkbox
if there are other operating systems installed, that expect the clock
to be set to local time - e.g. Windows.

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Choose a password for the root account and confirm it.

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Here you can select/edit the partitioning layout.

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If you chose the manual setup, you'll see this and the next window.

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Afterwards the partitions are being formatted:

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In this window you can adjust the settings for the bootloader.

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Here you can select predefined collections of software. You can also
make a custom selection if you mark the corresponding radio button.

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If you chose the custom selection you'll see this and a few
following windows. Select a main group on the left and afterwards one
of its subgroups on the right. Now click on "Optional Packages" -
you'll see...

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...this window with a detailed package list. Select or deselect packages as you like.

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Click "Next" if your selection is complete.

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The system is being installed - this will take a few minutes.

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The installation is complete. Remove the install media and reboot the system.
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conrad

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PostSubject: Re: Linux Fedora 9 ( How to install..)   Sun Sep 28, 2008 1:22 pm

cont.

3 First Start


If there's no reason to do something special wait a few seconds to start with the standard settings.

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The system is starting up.

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This is the first start - the firstboot wizard appears.

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Have a look at the license information and proceed.

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Time to add the first user account to the system.

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You should enable the network time protocol so that the time will be synchronized with a remote time server.

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Send your hardware profile if you want.





sr_adspace_id = 4098007;
sr_adspace_width = 300;
sr_adspace_height = 250;
sr_adspace_type = "graphic";
sr_ad_new_window = true;






window.google_render_ad();








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Log in into the system with the user data that you chose in the firstboot wizard.

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Welcome to your desktop.

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4 Basic Configuration


In various parts of this howto you have to switch to the root
account (in the terminal). The terminal is available in the gnome
applications menu.


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Enter the following to switch to the root account:

su -
%rootpassword%
You can switch back to your user account with:

exit


4.1 Nautilus


Nautilus opens a window for every single folder by default - to
change this open any folder and edit the settings. It's also a good
idea to enable the delete command that bypasses the trash - because if
you delete something from external storage devices with the standard
delete command, the things will not really be deleted but moved to a
trash on the device (.trash). This trash will not be affected when you delete the trash on your desktop.


Now it's user friendly.


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PostSubject: Re: Linux Fedora 9 ( How to install..)   Sun Sep 28, 2008 1:25 pm

cont.

4.2 Font Rendering


The general font settings are available in the GNOME system menu.


Select "Subpixel smoothing" if you're using an LCD monitor - click on "Details" to see further options.

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Set the resolution to 96dpi.

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4.3 Services


Some services are enabled by default on your system - maybe some of
them are needless (depending on your hardware and your needs). The
deactivation of needless services will save system resources, so it's
worth to take a look at the service settings. The settings for services
are available via the GNOME system menu.

Enter the root password


  • bluetooth (disable this service if there is no bluetooth device connected to your system)
  • mdmonitor (disable this service if you haven't set up a RAID-system)
  • pcscd (disbale this service if there is no smart-card reader connected to your system)
  • restorecond (disable this service if you deactivated SELinux)
  • setroubleshoot (disable this service if you deactivated SELinux)
  • sshd (disable this service if you're not planning to connect to this computer via ssh/scp/sftp etc)


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4.4 Startup Programs


Handle the startup programs just as the services. The settings for the startup programs are available in the GNOME system menu.

Disable the startup programs that you don't need - e.g.: if you
disabled the bluetooth service there's no need to start the bluetooth
manager etc.





sr_adspace_id = 4098007;
sr_adspace_width = 300;
sr_adspace_height = 250;
sr_adspace_type = "graphic";
sr_ad_new_window = true;






window.google_render_ad();










4.5 Reduce Power Consumption


4.5.1 GNOME Power Manager


Laptop users can save a lot of energy with the GNOME power manager -
it is available in the upper GNOME panel. Right click on the symbol and
choose "Preferences".

Switch to the second tab and adjust the settings as you like.

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4.5.2 Powertop


With Powertop, a tool from Intel for Intel Platforms, you are able
to find what software is using the most power on your system.
Especially notebook users will benefit from reduced power consumption -
there will be more time left on battery power.
If you want to use powertop, install the following package.

  • powertop

Note: How you can install software is explained in step 5.1.
Afterwards you can run powertop within a terminal. It's recommended
to run it with root privileges, otherwise you can't use all the
features of this tool.
Run powertop (with root privileges):

powertop
Powertop will permanently collect data from the system. In intervals
it shows you what is using the most power and at the same time how you
can optimize your system. In certain cases powertop is able to optimize
the system itself if you hit the key that is shown.

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It's not improbable to save a few watts.


4.6 Yum


Install some recommended packages to prevent problems with yum and kernel modules (root privileges needed):

yum install yum-fastestmirror yum-skip-broken yum-fedorakmod yum-kernel-module


4.7 SELinux


SELinux should be disabled because it can cause many problems on a
desktop system. The SELinux management is available in the GNOME system
menu.

Enter the root password.

Disable SELinux and reboot the system.

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4.8 Deinstall Software


Before you are going to update the system for the first time you
should check if there is software installed that you don't need, or
rather that you want to replace with another software. The goal should
be a clean system with only the programs installed that you really need.
Which programs you should deinstall or replace with others is up to
you - you'll find a summary of already installed software in step 6 and
a little assortment of additional software (including possible
replacements for already installed software) in step 8.
You can simply deinstall software with the Packagekit package
manager - afterwards it's time for the first update (if there are
updates available) - go to the next step.
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conrad

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Registration date : 2008-09-27

PostSubject: Re: Linux Fedora 9 ( How to install..)   Sun Sep 28, 2008 1:26 pm

cont.

5 Packagekit


Packagekit is the new frontend for yum to manage your packages - it's available in the GNOME system menu.


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5.1 Uninstall / Install Packages


If you want you can enable a filter to show only available or only installed software.

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You can search packages in package groups or simply enter a search term into the corresponding field.

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Installed packages are marked with an opened carton - if you want to
deinstall a package simply click on the corresponding button.

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sr_adspace_id = 4098007;
sr_adspace_width = 300;
sr_adspace_height = 250;
sr_adspace_type = "graphic";
sr_ad_new_window = true;






window.google_render_ad();







Available packages are marked with a closed carton - if you want to install a package simply click on the corresponding button.

(JavaScript must be enabled in your browser to view the large image as an image overlay.)


5.2 System Update


The system will check for updates automatically and notify you if
updates are available. You can adjust the check intervals within the
GNOME system menu.


You'll see an orange star in the upper GNOME panel if there are updates pending. Left-click on the star and click on "Update System Now" to install the available updates or click on "Show Updates" if you want to take a look at the updates.


Enter the root password.

The updates are being downloaded and installed.




6 Installed Software


6.1 Multimedia



  • Rhythmbox
  • Totem



6.2 Graphics



  • GIMP
  • F-Spot



6.3 Office



  • OpenOffice



6.4 Internet



  • Firefox 3
  • Pidgin
  • Transmission



6.5 System



  • Compiz Fusion
  • NTFS-3G
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conrad

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PostSubject: Re: Linux Fedora 9 ( How to install..)   Sun Sep 28, 2008 1:28 pm

cont.

Additional Repositories


7.1 Livna


Homepage: http://rpm.livna.org/
The livna-repository provides many packages, including multimedia
applications and drivers for ATI and Nvidia graphic cards. It's 100%
compatible to the fedora-repository. Install the repository package
(root privileges needed):

rpm -ivh http://rpm.livna.org/livna-release-9.rpm

7.2 Adobe


The Adobe repository provides the Adobe Reader and the flash plugin
for firefox. Install the repository package (root privileges needed):

rpm -ivh http://linuxdownload.adobe.com/adobe-release/adobe-release-i386-1.0-1.noarch.rpm


7.3 Skype


The Skype repository provides, as its name implies, Skype. Create the repository file (root privileges needed):

vi /etc/yum.repos.d/skype.repo
[skype]
name=Skype Repository
baseurl=http://download.skype.com/linux/repos/fedora/updates/i586/
gpgkey=http://www.skype.com/products/skype/linux/rpm-public-key.asc
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0

Note: The GPG-key is not longer available so I disabled the gpgcheck.


8 Additional Software


8.1 Recommended


8.1.1 Adobe Flash Player


Homepage: http://www.adobe.com/products/flashplayer/
If you want to use the flash plugin for Firefox, install the following packages.

  • flash-plugin
  • libflashsupport

Please note that you have to restart Firefox before you can use the plugin.


8.1.2 Adobe Acrobat Reader


Homepage: http://www.adobe.com/products/reader/
With the Adobe Reader you can open PDF documents.

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If you want to use the Adobe Acrobat Reader (incl. the Firefox plugin), install the following package.

  • AdobeReader_enu (for English users)
  • AdobeReader_deu (for German users)

After the installation is finished the Adobe Reader is available in the GNOME applications menu.

Accept the license agreement if you agree with it.

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Click on "Edit" in the top menu and select "Preferences".

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sr_adspace_id = 4098007;
sr_adspace_width = 300;
sr_adspace_height = 250;
sr_adspace_type = "graphic";
sr_ad_new_window = true;






window.google_render_ad();







Choose 96dpi as resolution and save the settings.

(JavaScript must be enabled in your browser to view the large image as an image overlay.)
Please note that you have to restart Firefox before you can use the plugin.


8.1.3 Microsoft's True Type Core Fonts


Some fonts, including Arial, Times New Roman and Verdana for example.
If you want to use these fonts, build the needed package and install it (root privileges needed).

cd /tmp/
wget http://corefonts.sourceforge.net/msttcorefonts-2.0-1.spec
yum -y install rpm-build cabextract
rpmbuild -bb msttcorefonts-2.0-1.spec
rpm -ivh /usr/src/redhat/RPMS/noarch/msttcorefonts-2.0-1.noarch.rpm --nodeps
Ignore the warning during the installation - "chkfontpath" is not longer needed/available on Fedora 9.


8.1.4 W32codecs & Others


Codecs needed to play MS and some other video formats.
If you want to use these codecs open a terminal and enter (root privileges needed):

cd /tmp/
wget http://www.mplayerhq.hu/MPlayer/releases/codecs/all-20071007.tar.bz2
tar xfvj all-20071007.tar.bz2
mkdir /usr/lib/codecs/
cp all-20071007/* /usr/lib/codecs/
ln -s /usr/lib/codecs/ /usr/lib/win32
Additionally, in order that your system is able to play DVD's, you should install the following package.

  • libdvdcss



8.1.5 Spamassassin Evolution Plugin


Homepage: http://spamassassin.apache.org/

If you want to use the spamassassin evolution plugin to filter your emails, install the following package.

  • evolution-spamassassin



8.2 Replacements


8.2.1 Digikam (possible replacement for f-spot)


Homepage: http://www.digikam.org/
Digikam is a photo management software.

(JavaScript must be enabled in your browser to view the large image as an image overlay.)
If you want to use digikam, deinstall the following package ...

  • f-spot

... and install these packages.

  • digikam
  • kipi-plugins



8.2.2 MPlayer (possible replacement for totem)


Homepage: http://www.mplayerhq.hu
MPlayer is a video player with many features - supporting nearly
every known video format, e.g. MPEG/VOB, AVI, Ogg/OGM, VIVO,
ASF/WMA/WMV, QT/MOV/MP4, RealMedia, Matroska, NUT, NuppelVideo, FLI,
YUV4MPEG, FILM, RoQ and PVA (the codecs from step 8.1.4 are needed to
support some of the listed formats).

If you want to use the mplayer, deinstall the following packages ...

  • totem
  • totem-mozplugin

... and install these packages.

  • mplayer
  • mplayer-gui
  • gecko-mediaplayer



8.2.3 Audacious (possible replacement for rhythmbox)


Homepage: http://audacious-media-player.org/
Audacious is a lean audio-player.

If you want to use audacious, deinstall the following package ...

  • rhythmbox

... and install these packages.

  • audacious
  • audacious-plugins
  • audacious-plugins-vortex
  • audacious-plugins-wavpack
  • audacious-plugins-nonfree-aac
  • audacious-plugins-nonfree-alac
  • audacious-plugins-nonfree-mms
  • audacious-plugins-nonfree-mp3
  • audacious-plugins-nonfree-tta
  • audacious-plugins-nonfree-wma



8.2.4 Azureus (possible replacement for transmission)


Homepage: http://azureus.sourceforge.net/
Azureus is an easy to use bittorrent client with many features.

If you want to use azureus, deinstall the following package ...

  • transmission

... and install this package.

  • azureus
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PostSubject: Re: Linux Fedora 9 ( How to install..)   Sun Sep 28, 2008 1:30 pm

cont.

8.3 Optional


8.3.1 Unrar


With this package you'll be able to unpack rar files. If you want to use unrar, install the following package.

  • unrar



8.3.2 Network Traffic Applet


With this applet you can monitor the speed of your network devices.

If you want to use the network traffic applet, install the following package.

  • gnome-applet-netspeed

Afterwards add the applet to the gnome-panel. Right click on the panel, choose "Add to panel" and select the applet.




8.3.3 K3B


Homepage: http://www.k3b.org/
K3B is a burning suite with a lot of features.

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If you want to use K3B, install the following packages.

  • k3b
  • k3b-extras-nonfree
  • transcode
  • normalize
  • vcdimager



8.3.4 Skype


Homepage: http://www.skype.com/
Skype is a software for internet telephony, instant messaging etc.

(JavaScript must be enabled in your browser to view the large image as an image overlay.)
If you want to use Skype, install the following package.

  • skype



8.3.5 Audacity


Homepage: http://audacity.sourceforge.net/
Audacity is a software to edit audio files.





sr_adspace_id = 4098007;
sr_adspace_width = 300;
sr_adspace_height = 250;
sr_adspace_type = "graphic";
sr_ad_new_window = true;






window.google_render_ad();








(JavaScript must be enabled in your browser to view the large image as an image overlay.)
If you want to use Audacity, install the following package.

  • audacity-nonfree



8.3.6 Streamtuner


Homepage: http://www.nongnu.org/streamtuner/
Streamtuner is a stream directory browser. With Streamtuner you can listen to SHOUTcast-streams etc.

(JavaScript must be enabled in your browser to view the large image as an image overlay.)
If you want to use Streamtuner, install the following package.

  • streamtuner



8.3.7 Filezilla


Homepage: http://filezilla-project.org/
Filezilla is an ftp client with many features - supporting FTP, FTPS, FTPES and SFTP.

(JavaScript must be enabled in your browser to view the large image as an image overlay.)
If you want to use filezilla, install the following package.

  • filezilla



8.3.8 Gparted


Homepage: http://gparted.sourceforge.net/
With gparted you are able to resize, move and format partitions - many file systems are supported.

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  • gparted
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Registration date : 2008-09-27

PostSubject: Re: Linux Fedora 9 ( How to install..)   Sun Sep 28, 2008 1:31 pm

8.3.9 Gtkpod


Homepage: http://www.gtkpod.org/
With gtkpod you can manage your iPod. Many iPods are supported,
including iPod mini, iPod Photo, iPod Shuffle, iPod nano, and iPod
Video.

(JavaScript must be enabled in your browser to view the large image as an image overlay.)
If you want to use gtkpod, install the following package.

  • gtkpod



8.3.10 K9copy


Homepage: http://k9copy.sourceforge.net/
K9copy is a DVD backup tool, which is able to shrink the content of a DVD9 to fit on a DVD5.

(JavaScript must be enabled in your browser to view the large image as an image overlay.)
If you want to use k9copy, install the following packages.

  • k9copy
  • mencoder



8.3.11 XChat


Homepage: http://www.xchat.org/
With XChat you can join multiple IRC channels (Internet Relay Chat).
File transfer is supported. You can customize XChat with various
scripts and plugins.

(JavaScript must be enabled in your browser to view the large image as an image overlay.)
If you want to use xchat, install the following package.

  • xchat



8.3.12 Wine


Homepage: http://www.winehq.org/
Taken from the Wine Homepage: "Wine is an Open Source implementation of the Windows API on top of X, OpenGL, and Unix".
With Wine you can run a lot of Windows software on Linux. A list of software that is known to work on Wine can be found on http://appdb.winehq.org/.

If you want to use Wine, install the following package.





sr_adspace_id = 4098007;
sr_adspace_width = 300;
sr_adspace_height = 250;
sr_adspace_type = "graphic";
sr_ad_new_window = true;






window.google_render_ad();








  • wine



8.3.13 Cedega


Homepage: http://www.cedega.com/
Cedega is an enhancement of WineX with focus on Windows games. Many
games are supported - a list of supported games (with screenshots) can
be found on http://games.cedega.com/gamesdb/ and http://cedegawiki.sweetleafstudios.com/wiki/Main_Page.
Cedega is not free. Have a look at the Homepage for details and pricing.

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8.3.14 VMware Server


Homepage: http://www.vmware.com/products/server/
With VMware Server you can install guest operating systems as Windows, Linux, NetWare or Solaris.

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First install the following packages.

  • kernel-devel
  • xinetd
  • gcc
  • gcc-c++

Afterwards open http://www.vmware.com/download/server/ in your browser. Install the latest version (.rpm) and register to get a serial number.

(JavaScript must be enabled in your browser to view the large image as an image overlay.)
Next we have to patch the VMware Server so that it is able to handle the new kernel (2.6.25) (root privileges needed).

mkdir /tmp/vmware/
cp /usr/lib/vmware/modules/source/vmmon.tar /tmp/vmware/
cp /usr/lib/vmware/modules/source/vmnet.tar /tmp/vmware/
cd /tmp/vmware/
tar xvf vmmon.tar
tar xvf vmnet.tar
wget http://jon.limedaley.com/plog/gallery/1/vmnet-2.6.25.patch
wget http://jon.limedaley.com/plog/gallery/1/vmmon-2.6.25.patch
cd vmnet-only
patch -p1 < ../vmnet-2.6.25.patch
cd ../vmmon-only/
patch -p1 < ../vmmon-2.6.25.patch
cd ..
rm -f *.tar
tar cfv vmnet.tar vmnet-only/
tar cfv vmmon.tar vmmon-only/
cp *.tar /usr/lib/vmware/modules/source/
Now run:

vmware-config.pl
Answer all the questions with "yes" and
accept the license agreement (if you agree with it). After that you'll
be asked a few questions about install paths etc. - simply hit enter
for every question. In the end you have to enter the serial number -
the VMware Server is now available in the GNOME applications menu.
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